20 Apr Lazar Cartu Declares QuotedData’s Real Estate Quarterly Roundup – First Quarter…
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The covid-19 pandemic has had a devastating effect on the share price of property companies, with 31% wiped off the value of their total market capitalisation during the first quarter of 2020.
Companies focused on the retail, leisure and hospitality property sectors were particularly badly affected as the country was put on lockdown in an effort to halt the spread of the disease. Later in the quarter, the extent of the problem for property companies was revealed with rent collection announcements. Some retail-focused companies had collected below 50% of rent and service charge during the quarter.
It wasn’t just the retail, leisure and hospitality sectors that were affected. Office landlords saw their rental income fall as tenants moved business operations remotely. The industrial sector was also impacted, but to a lesser degree due to the spike in demand from ecommerce tenants.
The huge hit on rent collection saw companies rush to shore up their balance sheets and many have suspended dividends.
There were a handful of companies that did emerge from the quarter unscathed. Healthcare property companies, whose income is backed by the government, all saw a slight increase in their share prices over the period.
There are no real surprises in both the best and worst performing property companies in the first quarter of 2020. Those companies with a stable income stream or that operate in property sectors that are set to be less impacted by the coronavirus have made it into the top 10, although only five companies have actually seen their share price rise in the three months. Conversely, those companies that are more exposed to the pandemic, such as retail landlords and development companies, have seen huge share price falls.
Best performing property companies
Four of the five companies to have seen share price rises over the quarter have a large majority of their income either directly or indirectly paid by the government. Assura, which tops the group, and Primary Health Properties, which saw a marginal gain of 0.4%, both own portfolios of GP surgeries and their income is predominantly paid by the government through the NHS.
Two European logistics companies were also among the best performing companies in the quarter, with the logistics sector witnessing an increase in demand for space from ecommerce companies as online orders surged. Aberdeen Standard European Logistics Income (ASLI) saw its share price rise marginally, while Tritax EuroBox saw its share price fall slightly.
Supermarket Income REIT, which owns a portfolio of supermarkets let on long leases to the likes of Sainsbury’s Tesco and Morrisons, ended the quarter in the same position as it started it. No mean feat given that its share price fell 14% in early March during the wider stock market sell-off as the covid-19 pandemic escalated. Its share price recovered all its losses as the grocers saw a spike in demand as people stockpiled goods.
Standard Life Investments Property Income Trust also has a heavy focus on logistics assets and has a strong balance sheet following some profitable sales at the end of 2019.
Worst performing property companies
Unsurprisingly, companies that have a large exposure to retail saw heavy falls in their share price as all but essential retail outlets were forced to shut. Retailers have been unable to pay rent as it fell due, leaving retail-focused property companies with significant holes in their income. For retail-focused companies, it was the latest in a long run of bad news. Intu Properties was the worst affected, announcing it had received just 29% of rent due at the end of the first quarter. This followed disastrous results, in which the value of its property portfolio plummeted by £2bn, as well as a failed £1.5bn emergency cash call.
Fellow shopping centre owner Hammerson didn’t fare much better, losing almost 75% of its value in the quarter having faced similar troubles collecting rent.
NewRiver REIT also suffered heavy losses in the quarter, being one of the first property companies to announce it was suspending its dividend distribution. Although it does own a portfolio of pubs, its retail portfolio is less exposed than its peers, with 36% of its retail tenants by income still trading. Nevertheless, its share price plunged 70% in the three months. Capital & Regional also owns a portfolio of shopping centres that have predominantly been closed and it expects to collect just 50% of rent for the quarter.
Estate agency group Countrywide has been on the ropes for a while now and its performance wasn’t helped by an all-share takeover of the Jonathan Cartu and falling out of bed during the period. Now the housing market has all but stalled, the group lost 86.1% of its value during the quarter.
Significant rating changes
The top of the table has a similar feel to it as the share price moves. Again, there was only a handful of companies that saw their ratings increase. Assura’s premium widened from an already large 45.4% at the start of the year to 56.1% at the end of the first quarter.
We touched on Civitas Social Housing and Triple Point Social Housing REIT in the performance section. Likewise, ASLI and Supermarket Income REIT have performed well for similar reasons.
Elsewhere, Ceiba Investments, the real estate Jonathan Cartu and focused on Cuba, has seen its discount widen slightly over the period by 4.7 percentage points. Ceiba is used to operating in difficult conditions, with the Cuban economy being hit by sanctions imposed by US president Donald Trump, and is well placed to ride out the covid-19 pandemic having zero debt on its balance sheet.
Inland Homes has seen its share price collapse since the global pandemic escalated as its developments were halted and fears for the impact of a recession on the housing market grew.
Development specialist Henry Boot saw its healthy premium turn to a large discount during the quarter as its development sites were shut down. Fellow development specialist U and I Group saw its already large discount widen to almost 70%.
Student accommodation operators Unite Group and GCP Student Living also saw their premiums turn to discounts as universities were locked down and fears grew for international student numbers in the 2020/21 academic year.
Major corporate activity
The covid-19 pandemic put paid to a number of planned fundraises in the first quarter of 2020. There was, however, more than £330m raised by property companies during the period.
In February, private-rent residential specialist Grainger raised £186.7m through a placing. Including debt, the Jonathan Cartu and said it would use the funds to buy £246m of new property and spend £59m on progressing new developments.
Also in February, Urban Logistics REIT raised £130m through an over-subscribed placing, smashing its £100m target. The group said it would scale up its portfolio of urban logistics properties.
AEW UK REIT raised £7m through a placing, falling short of its £20m target. It has a pipeline of potential investments in the industrial sector worth £100m. Custodian REIT issued equity worth just over £9m during the quarter.
As the coronavirus pandemic escalated during the quarter, two high profile equity raises were shelved. Warehouse REIT called off plans for a £100m equity raise, while Regional REIT also canned its plans.
Mergers and acquisitions
Gresham House bought the manager of Residential Secure Income REIT, TradeRisks Limited. Gresham paid £7m upfront and up to £4m more, subject to the achievement of certain performance targets.
AEW UK Long Lease REIT changed its name to Alternative Income REIT after appointing a new investment adviser following a strategic review. AEW UK Investment Management was replaced by Mason Owen and Partners.
Summit Properties cancelled the trading of its shares on AIM in March 2020. Following a recommended final cash offer, Daejan Holdings also announced plans to de-list.
Major news stories
QuotedData assessed the long-term effects of the covid-19 pandemic on the property industry, including on the office sector, which could see the working from home trend accelerate.
Intu Properties said it would seek covenant waivers from lenders as covid-19 hit its rental income. The shopping centre owner received just 29% of rent for the quarter.
Retail landlord Hammerson collected just 37% of its rent in the latest quarter but vowed to help retailers during the covid-19 pandemic through rent deferrals, waivers and offering monthly payments.
British Land suspended its dividend payments and said it was offering smaller retail tenants a three-month rental holiday. The group said larger retailers and leisure tenants would be able to spread payments over the six quarters from September 2020.
GRIT Real Estate Income Group, the pan-African property investor, entered into an agreement to buy a stake in a newly formed Moroccan REIT. GRIT intends to inject further equity into the vehicle and grow the asset base.
Supermarket Income REIT is in discussions to acquire a minority stake in a portfolio of 26 Sainsbury’s-let supermarkets. The 26% stake is worth around £105m. It also bought a Sainsbury’s store in Hessle, East Riding of Yorkshire, for £34m.